Cestmír Loukotka (38) clasifica a las lenguas y dalectos de la Amèrica del Sur en grandes familias o "troncos". En el extremo sur habría cinco troncos: el mapuche, el diaguita, el humahuaca, el lule y el huarpe.

 

El tronco diaguita poseería 20 dialectos (sin considerar los subdialectos):

 

"Diaguit -extins language once spoken by many tribes in the Argentine province of Catamarca. All the survivors are now Quechuanized. (J.E. Durand 1931).

 

Dialects, all extinct:

Quilme - once spoken around the city of Quilmes, Catamarca.

 

Yocabil - once spoken in the same province oin the Yocabil Valley.

Andalgalá - once spoken around the city of the same name, Catamarca.

Abaucan or Tinogasta - once spoken in the Abaucan Valley, Catamarca.

Pasipa - once spoken in the Vicioso Valley, Catamarca. Ancasti - once spoken in the Sierra de Ancasti, Catamarca.

Hualfin - once spoken in the Hualfin Valley, Catamarca.

Famatina - once spoken in the province of La Rioja in the Famatona Valley.

Caringasta - once spoken in hte Anguco Valley, San Juan province.

Sanagasta - once spoken in the Sierra de Velasco, La Rioja province.

Musitian - once spoken in La Rioja province in the Sierra de los Llanos.

Nolongasta - once spoken in the Chilecito Valley, La Rioja province.

Calchaqui or Cacan or Tocaqui - extinct language once spoken in Salta province, in the Quimivil and Santa María Valleys. (Lafone y Quevedo 1927, pp. 28 - 33; Serrano 1936b, both only a few words and patronyms).

 

Dialects:

Guachipa - once spoken in the vally of the same name, Salta.

Tolombon or Pacioca - once spoken in the province of Tucumán in the Tolombon Valley.

Amaicha - once spoken in the Sierra de Aconquija, Tucumán province.

Tucumán or Tukma - once spoken around the city of Tucumán.

Solco - once spoken in Tucumán province north of the Tucuman tribe.

 

Cupayana of Capayana - extict language once spoken in San Juan and La Rioja provinces. (Cabrera 1917, only a few patronyms; Canals Frau 1944b, pp. 147 - 157, the same).

Amaná - once spoken around the city of the same name, La Rioja province. (Nothing).

Chicoana or Pulare . once spoken in Salta province en the Lema Valley. (Nothing).

Indama or Ambargasta - once spoken north of Salinas Grandes, Santigo del Estero province. (Nothing),

Copiapó - once spoken around the city of the same name in the province of Atacama, Chile. (Nothing)." (39).

 

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(38) Cestmín Loukotka, Clasification of South American Indian Languages,Los Angeles, Johannes Wilbert Editor, University of California, 1968.

(39) C. Loukotka, op. cit., pár. 114.

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